220.127.116.11 List of NFS
Troubleshooting NFS problems involves a strategy for tracking NFS problems, recognizing NFS-related error messages, and selecting the appropriate solutions. When tracking down an NFS problem, isolate each of the three main points of failure to determine which is not working: The server, the client, or the network itself.
If a client is having NFS trouble, perform the following tasks:
/usr/bin/rpcinfo -p server_name
where server_name is the name of the server being verified.
If the server is up, a list of programs, versions, protocols, and port numbers is printed similar to the following:
program vers proto port 100000 2 tcp 111 portmapper 100000 2 udp 111 portmapper 100005 1 udp 1025 mountd 100001 1 udp 1030 rstatd 100001 2 udp 1030 rstatd 100001 3 udp 1030 rstatd 100002 1 udp 1036 rusersd 100002 2 udp 1036 rusersd 100008 1 udp 1040 walld 100012 1 udp 1043 sprayd 100005 1 tcp 694 mountd 100003 2 udp 2049 nfs 100024 1 udp 713 status 100024 1 tcp 715 status 100021 1 tcp 716 nlockmgr 100021 1 udp 718 nlockmgr 100021 3 tcp 721 nlockmgr 100021 3 udp 723 nlockmgr 100020 1 udp 726 llockmgr 100020 1 tcp 728 llockmgr 100021 2 tcp 731 nlockmgr
If a similar response is not returned, log in to the server at the server console and check the status of the inetd daemon by following the instructions in 11.3.1 Get the Current Status of the NFS Daemons .
# /usr/bin/rpcinfo -u CRoom mount program 100005 version 1 ready and waiting program 100005 version 2 ready and waiting program 100005 version 3 ready and waiting #
# /usr/bin/rpcinfo -u CRoom portmap program 100000 version 2 ready and waiting program 100000 version 3 ready and waiting program 100000 version 4 ready and waiting #
# /usr/bin/rpcinfo -u CRoom nfs program 100003 version 2 ready and waiting program 100003 version 3 ready and waiting #
The program numbers correspond to the commands, respectively, as shown in the preceding example. If a similar response is not returned, log in to the server at the server console and check the status of the daemons by following the instructions in 11.3.1 Get the Current Status of the NFS Daemons .
showmount -e server_name
This command will list all the file systems currently exported by the server_name.
If the biod daemons are working, check the network connections. The nfsstat command determines whether you are dropping packets. Use the nfsstat -c and nfsstat -s commands to determine if the client or server is retransmitting large blocks. Retransmissions are always a possibility due to lost packets or busy servers. A retransmission rate of 5 percent is considered high.
The probability of retransmissions can be reduced by changing the communication adapter transmit queue parameters, no settings, to name two. SMIT or the no command can be used to change these parameters.
The following sections explain error codes that can be generated while using NFS.
When the network or server has problems, programs that access hard-mounted remote files fail differently from those that access soft-mounted remote files.
If a server fails to respond to a hard-mount request, NFS prints the message:
NFS server hostname not responding, still trying
If a server fails to respond to a soft-mount request, NFS prints the message:
Connection timed out
Insufficient transmit buffers on your network can cause the following error message:
nfs_server: bad sendreply
To increase transmit buffers, use the System Management Interface Tool (SMIT) fast path smitty commodev. Then select your adapter type and increase the number of transmit buffers.
Use the procedure in 11.5.1 Identifying NFS Problems Checklist to troubleshoot this error. The error usually occurs if the NFS daemons have not been started or have been stopped. If the mountd or the nfsd daemons were not started or were stopped on the server, then when a client tries to mount an exported file system, an 1831-010 error message is displayed.
For example, if the rpc.mountd daemon dies after starting, and this error is received at a client machine, then do the following:
The rm -rf command clears the mountd files that may be too large for mountd to handle. If this procedure does not work, then refer to section 11.5 NFS Problem Determination.
The following list provides common mounting errors and their probable causes.
mount: ... already mounted
The file system that you are trying to mount is already mounted.
mount: ... not found in /etc/filesystems
The specified file system or directory name cannot be matched.
/danger.src: dev=/usr/src nodename = d61server type = nfs mount = false
then it performs the mount as if you had entered the following at the command line:
/usr/sbin/mount -n danger -o rw,hard /usr/src /dancer.src
If you receive the following message:
mount... not in hosts database
Check the spelling and the syntax in your mount command. If the command is correct, and your network does not run NIS, and you only get this message for this host name, check the entry in the /etc/hosts file.
ps -ef | grep ypbind
You should see an entry for the ypbind daemon. Try using the rlogin command to log in remotely to another machine, or use the rcp command to remote-copy something to another machine. If this also fails, your ypbind daemon is probably stopped or hung.
mount: ... server not responding: port mapper failure - RPC timed out
Either the server you are trying to mount from is down, or its port mapper is stopped or hung. Try restarting the inetd, portmap, and ypbind daemons.
If you cannot log in to the server remotely with the rlogin command, but the server is up, you should check the network connection by trying to log in remotely to some other machine. You should also check the server's network connection.
This means that the mount command got through to the port mapper, but the rpc.mountd NFS mount daemon was not registered.
Your machine name is not in the export list for the file system you are trying to mount from the server.
You can get a list of the server's exported file systems by running the following command at the command line:
showmount -e hostname
If the file system you want is not in the list, or your machine name or netgroup name is not in the user list for the file system, log in to the server and check the /etc/exports file for the correct file system entry. A file system name that appears in the /etc/exports file, but not in the output from the showmount command, indicates a failure in the mountd daemon. Either the daemon could not parse that line in the file, it could not find the directory, or the directory name was not a locally mounted directory. If the /etc/exports file looks correct and your network runs NIS, check the server's ypbind daemon. It may be stopped or hung.
This message is a generic indication that some part of authentication failed on the server. It may be that, in the previous example, you are not in the export list, the server could not recognize your machine's ypbind daemon, or that the server does not accept the identity you provided.
Check the server's /etc/exports file and, if applicable, the ypbind daemon. In this case you can just change your host name with the hostname command and retry the mount command.
Either the remote path or the local path is not a directory. Check the spelling in your command and try to run it on both the remote and local paths.
You must have root authority or be a member of the system group to run the mount command on your machine because it affects the file system for all users on that machine. NFS mounts and unmounts are only allowed for root users and members of the system group.