15.7 Storing Mail
This section provides a quick reference to the various mail commands, files,
This list includes commands for using and managing the mail program.
the contents of the mail queue.
- Displays statistics about mail traffic.
a new copy of the alias database from the /etc/aliases
mail for local or network delivery.
up the sendmail queue for periodic housekeeping.
This list of files and directories is arranged by function.
the user to change the local system defaults for the mail
- Stores processed mail for the individual user.
- Specifies three names linked to the same program. The
mail program is one of the user interfaces to the mail system.
- Specifies the default mail drop directory. By
default, all mail is delivered to the /var/spool/mail/UserName file.
- Contains the log file and temporary files associated
with the messages in the mail queue.
- The sendmail command.
- Links to the /usr/sbin/sendmail. Using mailq is equivalent to
using the /usr/sbin/sendmail -bp command.
- Links to the /usr/sbin/sendmail file. Using
newaliases is equivalent to using the /usr/sbin/sendmail -bi
- Formats and prints the sendmail statistics as found
in the /etc/sendmail.st file, if it exists. The /etc/sendmail.st file is the
default, but you can specify an alternative file.
- Describes a text version of the aliases file for the
sendmail command. You can edit this file to create, modify, or delete
aliases for your system.
- Contains the sendmail configuration information in
text form. Edit the file to change this information.
- Contains the processed version of the
/etc/sendmail.cf configuration file. This file is created from the
/etc/sendmail.cf file when you run the /usr/sbin/sendmail -bz command.
- Contains the sendmail National Language Support (NLS)
configuration information in text form. Edit the file to change this
- Specifies a shell file that runs the mail queue and
maintains the sendmail log files in the /var/spool/mqueue directory.
- Collects statistics about mail traffic. This file
does not grow. Use the /usr/sbin/mailstats command to display the
contents of this file.
- Describes a directory containing the temporary files
associated with each message in the queue. The directory can contain the log